Produksi Minyak Sawit di Indonesia
Palm Oil Production in Indonesia
World’s First Largest Producer and Exporter of Palm Oil
Indonesia currently accounts for 55% of World Palm Oil Production. Indonesia is providing more than half of the World’s Supply of Palm Oil.
Cultivation Areas of Palm Oil in Indonesia
The entire Production of the Palm Oil is derived from Indonesia’s Rainforest which ranks third in the world, the other two being in the Amazon and Congo basins. According to the Indonesian Palm Oil Association, one third of this production is attributed to smallholder farmers and the remaining to the multinationals.
Borneo and Sumatra are the two islands which account for 96 percent of Indonesia’s Palm Oil production.
According to the World Bank reports nearly 50% of CPO – Crude Palm Oil produced in the country is exported in an unprocessed form, while the remaining is subject to processing into Cooking Oil out of which about 50% is exported and the balance is consumed locally.
Palm Fruits Tree
Tree Height: 20 – 30 M
Trunk Circumference: 355 Cm
Frond Production: 24 – 30 per Year
Frond Length: 6 – 8 M
Leaf Color: Green
Ripe Fruit Color: Reddish – Orange
Nursery Period: 8 – 12 Months
Age of Harvesting After Planting: 30 Months
Harvesting Intervals: 13 – 15 Days
Oil Production: 4.5 – 5 Tons/Hectare/Year
Planting Density: 125 – 150 Trees per Hectare
Palm Fruits Bunch
Number of Bunches: 10 – 12 per Tree per Year
Bunch Weight: 15 – 25 Kg
Fruit Bunches per Year: 18 – 22 Tons per Hectare
Fruitlets per Bunch: 2,000 – 4,000
Oil per Bunch: 20 – 25%
Shape of Fruitlets: Spherical To Oval
Size of Fruitlets : 3 – 3.5 Cm
Weight of Fruitlets: 15 – 20 Gm
Kernel per Fruit: 5 – 8%
Mesocarp per Fruit: 85 – 92%
Oil per Mesocarp: 20 – 50%
Production of Palm Oil in Indonesia from 2010 to 2018
“It is Prediction that Palm Oil Production of Indonesia will Climb to 48 Million Metric Tons by 2025.”
MT: Metric Ton
Global Palm Oil Consumption
Palm oil Consumption Increased 230% in almost 2 Decades, yet India Imports most of it.
Growing population especially in developing countries, emerging demand from new importing countries such as Pakistan, Iran and Bangladesh will become the positive Palm Oil consumption growth. Palm Oil consumption is predicted to expand at slower pace than that in the past five years, it is predicted Global Palm Oil Demand to grow by 3.1% per annum within 2018-2025 time frame.